Dairy farm project 2 cows

Project report  2 cows

 crossbred cow dairy project, Indigenous cow dairy farm

Dairy farming is a profitable business. It provides an excellent opportunity for self-employment for unemployed youth. It is also an important source of income generation to small/marginal farmers and agricultural laborers. India is the largest milk producer in the world. The demand for milk & milk product is increasing rapidly There is an immense scope of dairy farming in our country. The increasing cost of feed ingredients and its seasonal variability can be reduced by undertaking fodder cultivation.

Government subsidy available for these types of project– Back ended capital subsidy 25% for general category (33.33% for SC/ST beneficiaries) is available under the government of India scheme Dairy Entrepreneurship Development Scheme (DEDS.)Subsidy ceiling is Rs35,000/ for general category & Rs46600 for ST/SC category for a dairy farm with two animals.

A farmer from Odisha can avail back-ended capital subsidy 25% for general category  (33.33% for SC/ST beneficiaries) under the government of Odisha scheme PROMOTION OF DAIRY ENTREPRENEURSHIP (PDE). Subsidy ceiling is Rs35,000/ for general category & Rs46600for ST/SC category for the dairy farm with two animals for PDE scheme.

Odisha farmer can avail subsidy either under scheme PDE or DEDS.

Avail Bank loan and subsidy– In order to avail bank loan & subsidy under DEDS/PDE the entrepreneur/farmers are advised to contact local animal husbandry/veterinary officer. Animal resources development department is the facilitator deportment for above schemes.

Before starting a dairy farm the entrepreneurs/ farmers are advised to undergo training on dairy farming. They can contact Local Animal Husbandry Department staffs/Veterinary College/agriculture University etc. for the purpose.  They should also visit progressive dairy farmers and government/ agricultural university dairy farms in the locality. They must check the following points before starting a dairy farm.

  1. Availability of good quality dairy breed cows in the nearby livestock market
  2. Nearness of the Farm to Veterinary Hospital, Artificial Insemination Center/livestock Aid Centers, MPCS
  3. Marketing facility of milk and milk product in the locality

4.Availability of concentrates ,fodder & medicine in that locality.

This project report is based on the following assumption:

1. Freshly calved indigenous dairy breed/crossbred cows like RedSindhi/ Sahiwal/ Gir/ Rathi/ Crossbred cows in 1st or 2nd lactation will be purchased in two batches of two animals each at an interval of 5 to 6 months.

2. Availability of  0.5 acres of  irrigated land is prerequisite for the project

3. Cost of labour has not been taken into consideration since full-time labour is not required for the small unit. Family labour will be utilized for maintenance of the dairy farm.

4.Fodder cultivation considered in 0.5 acre land, Two crops considered per year.

5.C ow dung produced will be utilized as Manure for fodder cultivation.

6.Cost of rearing calves is not considered as it will be nullified by their sale value

7.In case of death  cow new cow will be purchased from insurance claim money

8.The scheme is workable on the above guidelines if run by the dairy farmer on scientific lines.

Housing for cows

Floor –Pucca, smooth strong concrete cemented, impervious to moisture ,and have slope 1 in 60 towards gutter. Plinth should be 2ft. higher than ground.

 Walls-3ft. high lengthwise brick wall on sides, End wall should be solid made of bricks.

Roof– 14-16ft. high at the center and 8 ft. high on the side wall .there should be   hang over 3ft  beyond wall to prevent rain water from entering cow shade. Roof should be of asbestos, cement asbestos, or tile.thatched roof can replace asbestos in low cost housing

. Techno economic parameter
Type of AnimalIndigenous Milch breed crossbred/ CB Jersey Cow
No. of Animals2
Cost of Animal (Rs./animal)35000/cow
Average Milk Yield (litre/day)10
Floor space (sqft) per adult animal40
Floor space (sqft) per calf20
Cost of construction per sqft (Rs.)300
Cost of equipment per animal (Rs.)1000
Cost of fodder cultivation (Rs./acre/season)6000
Insurance premium (% per annum)5
Veterinary aid/animal/ year (Rs.)2000
Cost of concentrate feed (Rs./kg)20
Cost of dry fodder (Rs./kg)4
Rate of interest (%)12
Repayment period (years)6
Selling price of milk (Rs./kg)32
Sale price of gunny bags (Rs. per bag)10
Lactation days280
Dry days150

Feeding requirement and expenditure is given in Feed chart for cow

Lactation chart/Dry chart
i)Lactation Days
a)First batch250280250210210250
b)Second batch180210210210210210
ii)Dry Days
a)First batch11080110150150110
b)Second batch150150150150150
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