Dairy farm project 2 cows

Project report  2 cows

 crossbred cow dairy project, Indigenous cow dairy farm

Dairy farming is a profitable business. It provides an excellent opportunity for self employment for unemployed youth. It is also an important source of income generation to small/marginal farmers and agricultural labourers. India is the largest milk producer of the world. The demand of milk & milk product is increasing rapidly There is immense scope of dairy farming in our country. The increasing cost of feed ingredients and its seasonal variability can be reduced by undertaking fodder cultivation.

Government subsidy available for these types of project– Back ended capital subsidy 25% for general category (33.33% for SC/ST beneficiaries) is available under government of India scheme Dairy Entrepreneurship Development Scheme (DEDS.). Subsidy ceiling is Rs30,000/ for general category & Rs40.000 for ST/SC category for dairy farm with two animals.

Farmer from Odisha can avail back ended capital subsidy 25% for general category  (33.33% for SC/ST beneficiaries) under government of Odisha scheme PROMOTION OF DAIRY ENTREPRENEURSHIP (PDE).Subsidy ceiling is Rs25,000/ for general category & Rs33333 for ST/SC category for dairy farm with two animals for PDE scheme.

Odisha farmer can avail subsidy either under scheme PDE or DEDS.

Avail Bank loan and subsidy– In order to avail bank loan & subsidy under DEDS/PDE the entrepreneur/farmers are advised to contact local animal husbandry/veterinary officer. Animal resources development department is the facilitator deportment for above schemes.

 Before starting a dairy farm the entrepreneurs/ farmers are advised to undergo   training on dairy farming. They can contact Local Animal Husbandry Department staffs/Veterinary College/agriculture University etc. for the purpose.  They should also visit progressive dairy farmers and government/ agricultural university dairy farms in the locality. They must check the following points before starting a dairy farm.

  1. Availability of good quality dairy breed cows in nearby livestock market
  2. Nearness of the Farm to Veterinary Hospital, Artificial Insemination Center/livestock Aid Centers, MPCS
  3. Marketing facility of milk and milk product in the locality

4.Availability of concentrates ,fodder & medicine in that locality.

This project report is based on following assumption:

1.Freshly calved indigenous dairy breed/ crossbred  cows like RedSindhi/ Sahiwal/ Gir/ Rathi/ Crossbred cows in 1st or 2nd lactation will be purchased in two batches of two animals each at an interval of 5 to 6 months.

2.Availability of  0.5 acre of  irrigated land is prerequisite for the project

3.Cost of labour has not been taken into consideration since full time labour is not required for the small unit. Family labour will be utilized for maintance of the dairy farm.

4.Fodder cultivation considered in 0.5 acre land ,Two crops considered per year.

5.Cow dung produced will be utilized as Manure for fodder cultivation.

6.Cost of rearing calves is not considered as it will be nullified by their sale value

7.In case of death  cow new cow will be purchased from insurance claim money

8.The scheme is workable on the above guidelines if run by the dairy farmer on scientific lines.

Housing for cows

Floor –Pucca, smooth strong concrete cemented, impervious to moisture ,and have slope 1 in 60 towards gutter. Plinth should be 2ft. higher than ground.

 Walls-3ft. high lengthwise brick wall on sides, End wall should be solid made of bricks.

Roof– 14-16ft. high at the center and 8ft. high on the side wall .there should be   hang over 3ft  beyond wall to prevent rain water from entering cow shade. Roof should be of asbestos, cement asbestos, or tile.thatched roof can replace asbestos in low cost housing

. Techno economic parameter
Type of Animal


Milch breed/crossbred

/ CB Jersey Cow

No. of Animals 2
Cost of Animal (Rs./animal) 30000/cow
Average Milk Yield (litre/day) 10
Floor space (sqft) per adult animal 40
Floor space (sqft) per calf 20
Cost of construction per sqft (Rs.) 250
Cost of equipment per animal (Rs.) 1000
Cost of fodder cultivation (Rs./acre/season) 5000
Insurance premium (% per annum) 5
Veterinary aid/animal/ year (Rs.) 1000
Cost of concentrate feed (Rs./kg) 16
Cost of dry fodder (Rs./kg) 1
Rate of interest (%) 12
Repayment period (years) 6
Selling price of milk (Rs./kg) 27
Sale price of gunny bags (Rs. per bag) 10
Lactation days 280
Dry days 150


During lactation period During dry period
Quantity (kg) Cost (Rs.) Quantity (kg) Cost (Rs.)
1 Concentrate feed 16 4.5 72 1.5 24
2 Green fodder 1 20 Home grown 15 Home grown
3 Dry fodder 4 4 11 5 10
4 Total 28.5 83 21.5 34
Lactation chart/Dry chart
Sr.No Particulars Years
i) Lactation Days
a) First batch 250 280 250 210 210 250
b) Second batch 180 210 210 210 210 210
Total 430 490 460 420 420 460
ii) Dry Days
a) First batch 110 80 110 150 150 110
b) Second batch 150 150 150 150 150
Total 110 230 260 300 300 260
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