Dairy farm project report 10 cows

Project report for dairy farm  ten  cows

Indigenous dairy breed/ cross-bred cow dairy farm

Dairy farming provides an excellent opportunity for self employment of unemployed youth. It   is also an important source of income generation to small/marginal farmers and agricultural labourers. Since agriculture is mostly seasonal, there is a possibility of finding employment throughout the year for many persons through dairy farming. Landless labourers. The white revolution of 70’s had made spectacular land marks in Indian milk production scenario. India is the largest milk producer of the world The increasing cost of feed ingredients and its seasonal variability  can be reduced by undertaking fodder cultivation.This project report is based on following assumption:-

Entrepreneur  must check the following points before starting a dairy farm.

  1. Availability of good quality dairy breed cows in nearby livestock market
  2. Nearness of the Farm to Veterinary Hospital, Artificial Insemination Center/livestock Aid Centers, MPCS
  3. Marketing facility of milk and milk product in the locality4.Availability of concentrates ,fodder & medicine in that locality.

Before starting a dairy farm the entrepreneurs/ farmers are advised to undergo   training on dairy farming. They can contact Local Animal Husbandry Department staffs/Veterinary College/agriculture University etc. for the purpose.

Government subsidy available for these types of project– Back ended capital subsidy 25% for general category (33.33% for SC/ST beneficiaries) is available under government of India scheme Dairy Entrepreneurship Development Scheme (DEDS.). Subsidy ceiling is Rs175000/ for general category & Rs233000 for ST/SC category for dairy farm with ten animals.Farmer from Odisha can avail back ended capital subsidy 25% for general category  (33.33% for SC/ST beneficiaries) under government of Odisha scheme Promotion Of Dairy Entrepreneurship (PDE).Subsidy ceiling is Rs175000/ for general category & Rs233000/ for ST/SC category for dairy farm with 10 animals for PDE scheme.Odisha farmer can avail subsidy either under scheme PDE or DEDS.

Avail Bank loan and subsidy– In order to avail bank loan & subsidy under DEDS/PDE the entrepreneur/farmers are advised to contact local animal husbandry/veterinary officers. Animal resources development department is the facilitator deportment for above schemes.

This project report is based on following assumption:

1.Freshly calved indigenous dairy breed/ crossbred  cows like RedSindhi/ Sahiwal/ Gir/ Rathi/ Crossbred cows in 1st or 2nd lactation will be purchased in two batches of two animals each at an interval of 5 to 6 months.

2.Availability of  2 acre of  irrigated land is prerequisite for the project

3.Cost of labour has not been taken into consideration since full time labour is not required for the small unit. Family labour will be utilized for maintance of the dairy farm.

4.Fodder cultivation considered in 2 acre land ,Two crops considered per year.

5.Cow dung produced will be utilized as Manure for fodder cultivation.

6.Cost of rearing calves is not considered as it will be nullified by their sale value

7.In case of death  cow new cow will be purchased from insurance claim money

8.The scheme is workable on the above guidelines if run by the dairy farmer on scientific lines.

Housing for cows

Floor –Pucca, strong concrete cemented, impervious to moisture ,and have slope 1 in 60 towards gutter. Plinth should be 2ft. higher than ground.

 Walls-3ft. high lengthwise brick wall on sides, End wall should be solid made of bricks.

Roof– 14-16ft. high at the center and 8ft. high on the side wall .there should be   hang over 3ft  beyond wall to prevent rain water from entering cow shade. Roof should be of asbestos, cement asbestos, or tile. thatched  roof can replace asbestos in low cost housing

dairy farm house

tail to tail cow house

TAIL  TO TAIL SYSTEM OF HOUSING

ITEMSLENGTH IN METER
MANGER0.6M
STANDING PLACE1.5M
GUTTER0.4M
FEEDING PASSAGE1.2M ON BOTH SIDE
MILKING PLACE1.2M
Model dairy housing for indigenous dairy farm
. Techno economic parameters
Type of Animal indigenous  Milch breed /CB
No. of Animals10
Cost of Animal (Rs./animal)30000/cow
Average Milk Yield (litre/day)10
Floor space (sqft) per adult animal40
Floor space (sqft) per calf20
Cost of construction per sqft (Rs.)250
Cost of equipment per animal (Rs.)1000
Cost of fodder cultivation (Rs./acre/season)5000
Insurance premium (% per annum)5
Veterinary aid/animal/ year (Rs.)1000
Cost of concentrate feed (Rs./kg)12
Cost of dry fodder (Rs./kg)2
Rate of interest (%)12
Repayment period (years)6
Selling price of milk/litre (Rs./kg)27
Sale price of gunny bags (Rs. per bag)10
Lactation days280
Dry days150

 

DAILY FEEDING AND COST CHART FOR DAIRY COWS
FEEDING STUFFCOST/KG

Rs.

During lactation periodDuring dry period
Quantity (kg)Cost (Rs.)Quantity (kg)Cost (Rs.)
Concentrate feed204.5901.530
Green fodder120Home grown15Home grown
Dry fodder4416520
Total28.510621.550
Lactation chart/Dry chart
ParticularsYears
IIIIIIIVVVi
Lactation Days
First batch125014001250105010501250
Second batch90010501050105010501050
Total215024502300210021002300
Dry Days
First batch550400550750750550
Second batch750750750750750
Total55011501300150015001300
Economics of dairy farming with 10 indigenous dairy breed/ crossbred cows
Project costCost. In Rs.
Capital cost
Cow shed for 10 cows 40sq.ft/cow @300/sqft120000
Calf pen for 10 calves 20 sq.ft./calf @300/sq.ft.60000
Cost of 10 CB cows with minimum average 10 liter milk yield /day @35000/cow ( @ 3500/ liter of milk yield/cow)350000
Cost of transportation @1000/cow10000
Cost of one chaff cutter electric25000
Cost of  electrification15000
Cost of single bucket milking machine30000
Cost of dairy appliances @ 1500/cow15000
Total625000
Recurring cost to be capitalized
Cost of feed for first batch of  one cows for one month as per feed chart15900
Cost of insurance  first five  animals @5% of animal cost8750
Cost of fodder cultivation in 2.5 acres of land for first session30000
Contingency10350
Total recurring expenditure75000
TOTAL PROJECT COST700000
Margin money 10% of project cost70000
Bank loan 90% of project cost630000
ParticularsProject period
CASH FLOW ANALYSIS.123456
Feeding during lactation period vide yearly lactation days and feed cost as per chart227900259700243800222600222600243800
Feeding during dry period vide dry days and feed cost as per feed chart enclosed275005750065000750007500065000
Medicine vaccine veterinary aid200002000020000200002000020000
Insurance @5% of animal cost /year175001750017500175001750017500
Cost of fodder cultivation600006000060000600006000060000
Cost of labour720007200072000720007200072000
other miscellaneous expenditure100001000010000100001000010000
Total434900496700488300477100477100488300
INCOME
Sale  of milk @Rs.32/liter during lactation days with average milk yield /cow  liter/day688000784000736000672000672000736000
Sale of gunny bags210023002250210021002200
Manure will be utilized in own farm
Value of closing stock of 10 cows

(Depreciation on animal cost @10%/year)

140000
Value of building

(Depreciation on building@10%/year)

72000
Value of equipments(Depreciation on equipments @15%/year)7500
Total income690100786300738250674100674100957700
Gross profit255200289600249950197000197000469400
Sl noFinancial indicatorsEstimated valuePreferred value
1.PW costs @ 15%DF2339385.97
2.PW benefits @ 15%DF2814659.92
3.Net Present Worth (NPW475273.95Should be+ve
4.Benefit Cost Ratio(BCR)1.20:1>1
5.Internal Rate of return (IRR)30.047>15%
6.Debt Service Coverage Ratio1.763>1.5

Bank loan 630000  grace period 6 months Loan amount at the end of grace period    =630000+37800=667800

S.NoMonthly InstallmentInterestPrincipal Balance
0667800
11305666786378661422
21305666146441654981
31305665506506648475
41305664856571641904
51305664196637635268
61305663536703628565
71305662866770621795
81305662186838614957
91305661506906608051
101305660816975601076
111305660117045594031
121305659407115586916
131305658697186579729
141305657977258572471
151305657257331565140
161305656517404557736
171305655777478550258
181305655037553542705
191305654277629535076
201305653517705527371
211305652747782519589
221305651967860511730
231305651177938503791
241305650388018495774
251305649588098487676
261305648778179479497
271305647958261471236
281305647128343462893
291305646298427454466
301305645458511445955
311305644608596437359
321305643748682428677
331305642878769419908
341305641998857411052
351305641118945402107
361305640219035393072
371305639319125383947
381305638399216374731
391305637479308365423
401305636549401356021
411305635609495346526
421305634659590336936
431305633699686327249
441305632729783317466
451305631759881307585
461305630769980297605
4713056297610080287526
4813056287510180277346
4913056277310282267063
5013056267110385256678
5113056256710489246190
5213056246210594235596
5313056235610700224896
5413056224910807214090
5513056214110915203175
5613056203211024192151
5713056192211134181017
5813056181011245169771
5913056169811358158413
6013056158411471146942
6113056146911586135356
6213056135411702123654
6313056123711819111835
641305611181193799897
65130569991205787841
66130568781217775664
67130567571229963365
68130566341242250943
69130565091254638396
70130563841267225725
71130562571279812926
7213056129129260

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