Project report for dairy farm ten cows
Indigenous dairy breed/ cross-bred cow dairy farm
Dairy farming provides an excellent opportunity for self-employment of unemployed youth. It is also an important source of income generation to small/marginal farmers and agricultural labourers. Since agriculture is mostly seasonal, there is a possibility of finding employment throughout the year for many persons through dairy farming. Landless labourers. The white revolution of 70 s had made spectacular landmarks in the Indian milk production scenario. India is the largest milk producer of the world The increasing cost of feed ingredients and its seasonal variability can be reduced by undertaking fodder cultivation. This project report is based on the following assumption:-
The entrepreneur must check the following points before starting a dairy farm.
- Availability of good quality dairy breed cows in the nearby livestock market
- Nearness of the Farm to Veterinary Hospital, Artificial Insemination Center/livestock Aid Centers, MPCS
- Marketing facility of milk and milk product in the locality4.Availability of concentrates, fodder & medicine in that locality.
Before starting a dairy farm the entrepreneurs/ farmers are advised to undergo training on dairy farming. They can contact Local Animal Husbandry Department staffs/Veterinary College/agriculture University etc. for the purpose.
Government subsidy available for these types of project– Back ended capital subsidy 25% for general category (33.33% for SC/ST beneficiaries) is available under the government of India scheme Dairy Entrepreneurship Development Scheme (DEDS.). Subsidy ceiling is Rs175000/ for general category & Rs233000 for ST/SC category for dairy farm with ten animals.The farmer from Odisha can avail back-ended capital subsidy 25% for general category (33.33% for SC/ST beneficiaries) under the government of Odisha scheme Promotion Of Dairy Entrepreneurship (PDE).Subsidy ceiling is Rs175000/ for general category & Rs233000/ for ST/SC category for dairy farm with 10 animals for PDE scheme.Odisha farmer can avail subsidy either under scheme PDE or DEDS.
Avail Bank loan and subsidy– In order to avail bank loan & subsidy under DEDS/PDE the entrepreneur/farmers are advised to contact local animal husbandry/veterinary officers. Animal resources development department is the facilitator deportment for the above schemes.
Techno economic parameters and assumptions for the project is given in assumptions in 10 cows dairy farm
Housing for cows
Floor –Pucca, strong concrete cemented, impervious to moisture ,and have slope 1 in 60 towards gutter. Plinth should be 2ft. higher than ground.
Walls-3ft. high lengthwise brick wall on sides, End wall should be solid made of bricks.
Roof– 14-16ft. high at the center and 8ft. high on the side wall .there should be hang over 3ft beyond the wall to prevent rain water from entering cow shade. Roof should be of asbestos, cement asbestos, or tile. the thatched roof can replace asbestos in low cost housing
TAIL TO TAIL SYSTEM OF HOUSING
|ITEMS||LENGTH IN METER|
|FEEDING PASSAGE||1.2M ON BOTH SIDE|
Feed chart and lactation chart for this 10 cows dairy farm is given in Feed and lactation chart link
|Economics of dairy farming with 10 indigenous dairy breed/ crossbred cows|
|Project cost||Cost. In Rs.|
|Cow shed for 10 cows 40sq.ft/cow @300/sqft||120000|
|Calf pen for 10 calves 20 sq.ft./calf @300/sq.ft.||60000|
|Cost of 10 CB cows with minimum average 10 liter milk yield /day @35000/cow ( @ 3500/ liter of milk yield/cow)||350000|
|Cost of transportation @1000/cow||10000|
|Cost of one chaff cutter electric||25000|
|Cost of electrification||15000|
|Cost of single bucket milking machine||30000|
|Cost of dairy appliances @ 1500/cow||15000|
|Recurring cost to be capitalized|
|Cost of feed for first batch of one cows for one month as per feed chart||15900|
|Cost of insurance first five animals @5% of animal cost||8750|
|Cost of fodder cultivation in 2.5 acres of land for first session||30000|
|Total recurring expenditure||75000|
|TOTAL PROJECT COST||700000|
|Margin money 10% of project cost||70000|
|Bank loan 90% of project cost||630000|
|CASH FLOW ANALYSIS.||1||2||3||4||5||6|
|Feeding during lactation period vide yearly lactation days and feed cost as per chart||227900||259700||243800||222600||222600||243800|
|Feeding during dry period vide dry days and feed cost as per feed chart enclosed||27500||57500||65000||75000||75000||65000|
|Medicine vaccine veterinary aid||20000||20000||20000||20000||20000||20000|
|Insurance @5% of animal cost /year||17500||17500||17500||17500||17500||17500|
|Cost of fodder cultivation||60000||60000||60000||60000||60000||60000|
|Cost of labour||72000||72000||72000||72000||72000||72000|
|other miscellaneous expenditure||10000||10000||10000||10000||10000||10000|
|Sale of milk @Rs.32/liter during lactation days with average milk yield /cow liter/day||688000||784000||736000||672000||672000||736000|
|Sale of gunny bags||2100||2300||2250||2100||2100||2200|
|Manure will be utilized in own farm|
Value of closing stock of 10 cows(Depreciation on animal cost @10%/year)
|Value of building(Depreciation on building@10%/year)||72000|
|Value of equipments (Depreciation on equipments @15%/year)||7500|
|Sl no||Financial indicators||Estimated value||Preferred value|
|1.||PW costs @ 15%DF||2339385.97|
|2.||PW benefits @ 15%DF||2814659.92|
|3.||Net Present Worth (NPW||475273.95||Should be+ve|
|4.||Benefit Cost Ratio(BCR)||1.20:1||>1|
|5.||Internal Rate of return (IRR)||30.047||>15%|
|6.||Debt Service Coverage Ratio||1.763||>1.5|
Repayment of loan:- Repayment of loan will start after grace period of six months. Total loan repayment period is 6-7 years. Details of monthly installment, interest payment, principal payment and balance is given in repayment schedule for 10 cows
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