Project Report 4 Buffaloes

Buffalo  dairy farm project report  buffaloes

This project report is based on following assumption:

1-Freshly calved murrah female buffaloes in 1st or 2nd lactation will be purchased in two batches of two animals each/batch  at an interval of 5 to 6 months.

2-Availability of one acres of land  for fodder cultivation is prerequisite for the project,

3-Dung produced will be utilized as Manure for fodder cultivation.

4-Cost of rearing calves not considered as it will be repealed by their sale

57In case of death of adult animal new buffalo  will be purchased from insurance claim money.

6-Heifers will be used as replacement stocks

7- The scheme will be successful on the above guidelines if run by the dairy farmer on scientific  lines

Buffaloes have several advantages over crossbred cows as a farm animal.

1-They are well adapted to the agro-climatic condition of our country

2-They are more disease resistant in comparison to crossbred cows. (less incidence of milk fever & mastitis in buffaloes.

3-They can thrive well on crop residue

5-Buffalo milk contains more butterfat for which the price of buffalo milk is more.

Before starting a dairy farm the entrepreneurs/ farmers are advised to undergo training on dairy farming. They can contact Local Animal Husbandry Department staffs/Veterinary College/agriculture University etc. for the purpose.  They should also visit progressive dairy farmers and government/ agricultural university dairy farms in the locality. They must check the following

1-.Availability of good quality graded Murrah buffaloes in the nearby livestock market

2-Nearness of the Farm to Veterinary Hospital, Artificial Insemination Center/livestock Aid Centers, MPCS

3- Marketing facility of milk and milk product in the locality

4-Availability of concentrates ,fodder& medicine in that locality.

Government subsidy available for these types of project– Back ended capital subsidy 25% for general category (33.33% for SC/ST beneficiaries) is available under the government of India scheme Dairy Entrepreneurship Development Scheme (DEDS.). Subsidy ceiling is Rs70,000/ for general category & Rs 93333/- for ST/SC category for buffalo dairy farm with four animals.

A farmer from Odisha can avail back-ended capital subsidy 25% for general category  (33.33% for SC/ST beneficiaries) under the government of Odisha scheme Promotion of Dairy Entrepreneurship (PDE).Subsidy ceiling is Rs70,000/ for general category & Rs93333 for ST/SC category for buffalo dairy farm with four buffaloes under PDE scheme.

Odisha farmer can avail subsidy either under scheme PDE or DEDS.

Avail Bank loan and subsidy– In order to avail bank loan & subsidy under DEDS/PDE the entrepreneur/farmers are advised to contact local animal husbandry/veterinary officer. Animal resources development department is the facilitator deportment for the above schemes.

. Techno-economic parameters
Type of AnimalGraded Murrah buffalo
No. of Animals4
Cost of Animal (Rs./animal) including transportation52000
Average Milk Yield (litre/day)10
Floor space (sqft) per adult animal50
Floor space (sqft) per calf20
Cost of construction per sqft (Rs.)120
Cost of equipment per animal (Rs.)1000
Cost of fodder cultivation (Rs./acre/season)6000
Insurance premium (% per annum)5
Veterinary aid/animal/ year (Rs.)1000
Cost of concentrate feed (Rs./kg)20
Cost of dry fodder (Rs./kg)4
Rate of interest (%)12
Repayment period (years)6
Selling price of milk (Rs./kg)35
Sale price of gunny bags (Rs. per bag)10
Lactation days280
Dry days150

Daily feeding chart for buffaloes is given in “Feeding chart for buffalo

Lactation chart/Dry chart
Lactation Days
First batch500560500420420500
Second batch360420420420420420
Dry Days
First batch220160220300300220
Second batch300300300300300
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