Project Report 2 buffaloes

Buffalo  dairy farm project report  buffaloes

This project report is based on following assumption:

1-Freshly calved  graded murrah female buffaloes in 1st or 2nd lactation will be purchased in two batches of two animals each/batch  at an interval of 5 to 6 months.2-Availability of one acres of land  for fodder cultivation is prerequisite for the project,3-Dung produced will be utilized as Manure for fodder cultivation.4-Cost of rearing calves not considered as it will be repealed by their sale5=In case of death of adult animal new buffalo  will be purchased from insurance claim money.6-Heifers will be used as replacement stocks7- The scheme will be successful on the above guidelines if run by the dairy farmer on scientific  lines

Buffaloes have several advantages over crossbred cows as a farm animal.. 1-They are well adapted to the agro-climatic condition of our country2-They are more disease resistant in comparison to crossbred cows. (less incidence of milk fever & mastitis in buffaloes.3-They can thrive well on crop residue5-Buffalo milk contains more butterfat for which the price of buffalo milk is more.

Before starting a dairy farm the entrepreneurs/ farmers are advised to undergo training on dairy farming. They can contact Local Animal Husbandry Department staffs/Veterinary College/agriculture University etc. for the purpose.  They should also visit progressive dairy farmers and government/ agricultural university dairy farms in the locality. They must check the following1-.Availability of good quality graded Murrah buffaloes in the nearby livestock market2-Nearness of the Farm to Veterinary Hospital, Artificial Insemination Center/livestock Aid Centers, MPCS3- Marketing facility of milk and milk product in the locality4-Availability of concentrates ,fodder& medicine in that locality.

. Techno-economic parameters
Type of Animal Graded Murrah buffalo
No. of Animals 4
Cost of Animal (Rs./animal) including transportation 52000
Average Milk Yield (litre/day) 10
Floor space (sqft) per adult animal 50
Floor space (sqft) per calf 20
Cost of construction per sqft (Rs.) 120
Cost of equipment per animal (Rs.) 1000
Cost of fodder cultivation (Rs./acre/season) 6000
Insurance premium (% per annum) 5
Veterinary aid/animal/ year (Rs.) 1000
Cost of concentrate feed (Rs./kg) 20
Cost of dry fodder (Rs./kg) 4
Rate of interest (%) 12
Repayment period (years) 6
Selling price of milk (Rs./kg) 35
Sale price of gunny bags (Rs. per bag) 10
Lactation days 280
Dry days 150

Daily feeding chart for buffaloes is given in “Feeding chart for buffalo

Lactation chart/Dry chart
Particulars Years
Lactation Days
First batch 500 560 500 420 420 500
Second batch 360 420 420 420 420 420
Total 860 980 920 840 840 920
Dry Days
First batch 220 160 220 300 300 220
Second batch 300 300 300 300 300
Total 220 460 520 600 600 520
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