Project report for a dairy farm with ten graded murrah buffaloes
Buffalo dairy farming is a profitable business & has good potential for employment generation . India has 57% of world buffalo population. Buffalo milk contributes 57% of total milk production. Buffaloes have several advantages over crossbred cows as farm animal.
1-They are well adopted to agro-climatic condition of our country2-They are more disease resistant in comparison to crossbred cows. (less incidence of milk fever & mastitis in buffaloes.3-They can thrive well on crop residue5-Buffalo milk contains more butter fat for which the price of buffalo milk is more.
Before starting a dairy farm the entrepreneurs/ farmers are advised to undergo training on dairy farming. They can contact Local Animal Husbandry Department staffs/Veterinary College/agriculture University etc. for the purpose. They should also visit progressive dairy farmers and government/ agricultural university dairy farms in the locality. They must check the following .1-. Availability of good quality graded murrah buddalo in nearby livestock market 2-Nearness of the Farm to Veterinary Hospital, Artificial Insemination Center/livestock Aid Centers, MPCS3- Marketing facility of milk and milk product in the locality 4-Availability of concentrates ,fodder & medicine in that locality.
Subsidy-Under MKUY subsidy limit is 40% of the fixed capital (excluding the cost of the land) subject to a limit of 50.00 lakh for general male category. Subsidy is 50% of the fixed capital limited to 50.00 lakh for SC/ST/Women/Graduates of Agriculture and Allied Disciplines for this type project. Farmer/entrepreneur can apply through GO Sugam Portal. Net annual profit from project should be more than 2 Lakh for individual & more than one lakh for SHG groups.
This project report is based on following assumption::1-Freshly calved murrah female buffaloes in 1st or 2nd lactation will be purchased in two batches of five animals each/batch at an interval of 5 to 6 months.2-Availability of 2 acres of land for fodder cultivation is prerequisite for the project,3-Dung produced will be utilized as Manure for fodder cultivation.4-Cost of rearing calves not considered as it will be repealed by their sale. 5In case of death of adult animal new buffalo will be purchased from insurance claim money.6-Heifers will be used as replacement stocks7 The scheme will be successful on the above guidelines if run by the dairy farmer on scientific lines.
|. Techno economic parameters
|Type of Animal
|Graded murrah buffalo
|No. of Animals
|Cost of Animal (Rs./animal) including transportation
|Average Milk Yield (litre/day)
|Floor space (sqft) per adult animal
|Floor space (sqft) per calf
|Cost of construction per sqft (Rs.)
|Cost of equipment per animal (Rs.)
|Cost of fodder cultivation (Rs./acre/season)
|Insurance premium (% per annum)
|Veterinary aid/animal/ year (Rs.)
|Cost of concentrate feed (Rs./kg)
|Cost of dry fodder (Rs./kg)
|Rate of interest (%)
|Repayment period (years)
|Selling price of milk (Rs./kg)
|Sale price of gunny bags (Rs. per bag)
Daily feeding chart is given in DAILY FEEDING COST CHART FOR DAIRY BUFFALOES
Lactation chart /dry period chart for 10 buffaloes is given in LACTATION CHART -DRY PERIOD CHART