Project Report 10 buffaloes

Project report for dairy farm with ten graded murrah buffaloes

Buffalo dairy farming is a profitable business & has   good potential for employment generation . India has 57% of world buffalo population. Buffalo milk contributes 57% of total milk production. Buffaloes have several advantages over crossbred cows as farm animal.

1-They are well adopted to agro-climatic condition of our country

2-They are more disease resistant in comparison to crossbred cows. (less incidence of milk fever & mastitis in buffaloes.

3-They can thrive well on crop residue

5-Buffalo milk contains more butter fat for which the price of buffalo milk is more.

Before starting a dairy farm the entrepreneurs/ farmers are advised to undergo   training on dairy farming. They can contact Local Animal Husbandry Department staffs/Veterinary College/agriculture University etc. for the purpose.  They should also visit progressive dairy farmers and government/ agricultural university dairy farms in the locality. They must check the following

1-.  Availability of good quality graded murrah buddalo  in nearby livestock market

2-Nearness of the Farm to Veterinary Hospital, Artificial Insemination Center/livestock Aid Centers, MPCS

3- Marketing facility of milk and milk product in the locality

4-Availability of concentrates ,fodder & medicine in that locality.

This project report is based on following assumption:

1-Freshly calved murrah  female buffaloes in 1st or 2nd lactation will be purchased in two batches of five animals each/batch  at an interval of 5 to 6 months.

2-Availability of 2 acres of land  for fodder cultivation is prerequisite for the project,

3-Dung produced will be utilized as Manure for fodder cultivation.

4-Cost of rearing calves not considered as it will be repealed by their sale

57In case of death of adult animal new buffalo  will be purchased from insurance claim money.

6-Heifers will be used as replacement stocks

7 The scheme will be successful on the above guidelines if run by the dairy farmer on scientific lines.

Government subsidy available for these types of project– Back ended capital subsidy 25% for general category (33.33% for SC/ST beneficiaries) is available under government of India scheme Dairy Entrepreneurship Development Scheme (DEDS.). Subsidy ceiling is Rs150,000/ for general category & Rs200000 for ST/SC category for buffalo dairy farm with ten animals.

Farmer from Odisha can avail back ended capital subsidy 25% for general category  (33.33% for SC/ST beneficiaries) under government of Odisha scheme Promotion of Dairy Entrepreneurship (PDE).Subsidy ceiling is Rs125,000/ for general category & Rs166665 for ST/SC category for buffalo dairy farm with ten animals under  PDE scheme.

Odisha farmer can avail subsidy either under scheme PDE or DEDS.

Avail Bank loan and subsidy– In order to avail bank loan & subsidy under DEDS/PDE the entrepreneur/farmers are advised to contact local animal husbandry/veterinary officer. Animal resources development department is the facilitator deportment for above schemes.

Open yard system of housing for buffaloes


. Techno economic parameters
Type of Animal Graded murrah buffalo
No. of Animals 10
Cost of Animal (Rs./animal) including transportation 50000
Average Milk Yield (litre/day) 10
Floor space (sqft) per adult animal 50
Floor space (sqft) per calf 20
Cost of construction per sqft (Rs.) 120
Cost of equipment per animal (Rs.) 1000
Cost of fodder cultivation (Rs./acre/season) 5000
Insurance premium (% per annum) 5
Veterinary aid/animal/ year (Rs.) 1000
Cost of concentrate feed (Rs./kg) 16
Cost of dry fodder (Rs./kg) 1
Rate of interest (%) 12
Repayment period (years) 6
Selling price of milk (Rs./kg) 31
Sale price of gunny bags (Rs. per bag) 10
Lactation days 280
Dry days 150


During lactation period During dry period
Quantity (kg) Cost (Rs.) Quantity (kg) Cost (Rs.)
Concentrate feed 16 5.5 88 2 32
Green fodder 1 20 Home grown 15 Home grown
Dry fodder 2 5 10 6 12
Total 30.5 98 23 44
Lactation chart/Dry chart
Particulars Years
Lactation Days
First batch 1250 1400 1250 1050 1050 1250
Second batch 900 1050 1050 1050 1050 1050
Total 2150 2450 2300 2100 2100 2300
Dry Days
First batch 550 400 550 750 750 550
Second batch 750 750 750 750 750
Total 550 1150 1300 1500 1500 1300
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