Project report for dairy farm with ten graded murrah buffaloes
Buffalo dairy farming is a profitable business & has good potential for employment generation . India has 57% of world buffalo population. Buffalo milk contributes 57% of total milk production. Buffaloes have several advantages over crossbred cows as farm animal.
1-They are well adopted to agro-climatic condition of our country
2-They are more disease resistant in comparison to crossbred cows. (less incidence of milk fever & mastitis in buffaloes.
3-They can thrive well on crop residue
5-Buffalo milk contains more butter fat for which the price of buffalo milk is more.
Before starting a dairy farm the entrepreneurs/ farmers are advised to undergo training on dairy farming. They can contact Local Animal Husbandry Department staffs/Veterinary College/agriculture University etc. for the purpose. They should also visit progressive dairy farmers and government/ agricultural university dairy farms in the locality. They must check the following
1-. Availability of good quality graded murrah buddalo in nearby livestock market
2-Nearness of the Farm to Veterinary Hospital, Artificial Insemination Center/livestock Aid Centers, MPCS
3- Marketing facility of milk and milk product in the locality
4-Availability of concentrates ,fodder & medicine in that locality.
This project report is based on following assumption:
1-Freshly calved murrah female buffaloes in 1st or 2nd lactation will be purchased in two batches of five animals each/batch at an interval of 5 to 6 months.
2-Availability of 2 acres of land for fodder cultivation is prerequisite for the project,
3-Dung produced will be utilized as Manure for fodder cultivation.
4-Cost of rearing calves not considered as it will be repealed by their sale
57In case of death of adult animal new buffalo will be purchased from insurance claim money.
6-Heifers will be used as replacement stocks
7 The scheme will be successful on the above guidelines if run by the dairy farmer on scientific lines.
Government subsidy available for these types of project– Back ended capital subsidy 25% for general category (33.33% for SC/ST beneficiaries) is available under government of India scheme Dairy Entrepreneurship Development Scheme (DEDS.). Subsidy ceiling is Rs150,000/ for general category & Rs200000 for ST/SC category for buffalo dairy farm with ten animals.
Farmer from Odisha can avail back ended capital subsidy 25% for general category (33.33% for SC/ST beneficiaries) under government of Odisha scheme Promotion of Dairy Entrepreneurship (PDE).Subsidy ceiling is Rs125,000/ for general category & Rs166665 for ST/SC category for buffalo dairy farm with ten animals under PDE scheme.
Odisha farmer can avail subsidy either under scheme PDE or DEDS.
Avail Bank loan and subsidy– In order to avail bank loan & subsidy under DEDS/PDE the entrepreneur/farmers are advised to contact local animal husbandry/veterinary officer. Animal resources development department is the facilitator deportment for above schemes.
Open yard system of housing for buffaloes
|. Techno economic parameters|
|Type of Animal||Graded murrah buffalo|
|No. of Animals||10|
|Cost of Animal (Rs./animal) including transportation||50000|
|Average Milk Yield (litre/day)||10|
|Floor space (sqft) per adult animal||50|
|Floor space (sqft) per calf||20|
|Cost of construction per sqft (Rs.)||120|
|Cost of equipment per animal (Rs.)||1000|
|Cost of fodder cultivation (Rs./acre/season)||5000|
|Insurance premium (% per annum)||5|
|Veterinary aid/animal/ year (Rs.)||1000|
|Cost of concentrate feed (Rs./kg)||16|
|Cost of dry fodder (Rs./kg)||1|
|Rate of interest (%)||12|
|Repayment period (years)||6|
|Selling price of milk (Rs./kg)||31|
|Sale price of gunny bags (Rs. per bag)||10|
|DAILY FEEDING AND COST CHART FOR GRADED MURRAH BUFFALOES|
|During lactation period||During dry period|
|Quantity (kg)||Cost (Rs.)||Quantity (kg)||Cost (Rs.)|
|Green fodder||1||20||Home grown||15||Home grown|
|Lactation chart/Dry chart|