Project Report 2 buffaloes

Project report for dairy farm with two graded Murrah buffaloes

Buffalo dairy farming is a profitable business & has   good potential for employment generation . India has 57% of world buffalo population. Buffalo milk contributes 57% of total milk production. Buffaloes have several advantages over crossbred cows as farm animal.

1-They are well adopted to agro-climatic condition of our country2-They are more disease resistant in comparison to crossbred cows. (less incidence of milk fever & mastitis in buffaloes.3-They can thrive well on crop residue5-Buffalo milk contains more butter fat for which the price of buffalo milk is more.

Before starting a dairy farm the entrepreneurs/ farmers are advised to undergo   training on dairy farming. They can contact Local Animal Husbandry Department staffs/Veterinary College/agriculture University etc. for the purpose.  They should also visit progressive dairy farmers and government/ agricultural university dairy farms in the locality. They must check the following

1-.  Availability of good quality graded murrah buddalo  in nearby livestock market2-Nearness of the Farm to Veterinary Hospital, Artificial Insemination Center/livestock Aid Centers, MPCS3- Marketing facility of milk and milk product in the locality4-Availability of concentrates ,fodder& medicine in that locality.

This project report is based on following assumption:1-Freshly calved murrah  female buffaloes in 1st or 2nd lactation will be purchased in two batches of one animals each/batch  at an interval of 5 to 6 months.2-Availability of 0.5 acres of land  for fodder cultivation is prerequisite for the project,3-Dung produced will be utilized as Manure for fodder cultivation.4-Cost of rearing calves not considered as it will be repealed by their sale57In case of death of adult animal new buffalo  will be purchased from insurance claim money.6-Heifers will be used as replacement stocks7 The scheme will be successful on the above guidelines if run by the dairy farmer on scientific lines.

. Techno economic parameters
Type of Animal Graded Murrah buffalo
No. of Animals 2
Cost of Animal (Rs./animal) including transportation 52000
Average Milk Yield (litre/day) 10
Floor space (sqft) per adult animal 50
Floor space (sqft) per calf 20
Cost of construction per sqft (Rs.) 150
Cost of equipment per animal (Rs.) 1000
Cost of fodder cultivation (Rs./acre/season) 6000
Insurance premium (% per annum) 5
Veterinary aid/animal/ year (Rs.) 1000
Cost of concentrate feed (Rs./kg) 20
Cost of dry fodder (Rs./kg) 4
Rate of interest (%) 12
Repayment period (years) 6
Selling price of milk (Rs./kg) 35
Sale price of gunny bags (Rs. per bag) 10
Lactation days 280
Dry days 150


Lactation chart/Dry chart
Particulars Years
Lactation Days
First batch 250 280 250 210 210 250
Second batch 180 210 210 210 210 210
Total 430 490 460 420 420 460
Dry Days
First batch 110 80 110 150 150 110
Second batch 150 150 150 150 150
Total 110 230 260 300 300 260
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