50 Murrah Buffalo Dairy Farm Project Report


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This project report is based on following assumptions:-

  • Freshly calved murrah female buffaloes in 1st or 2nd lactation will be purchased in two batches of  twenty-five animals each/batch  at an interval of 5 to 6 months.
  • Availability of 10 acres of land for fodder cultivation is prerequisite for the project,
  • Dung produced will be utilized as Manure for fodder cultivation.
  • Cost of rearing calves not considered as it will be repealed by their sale
  • In case of death of adult animal new buffalo will be purchased from insurance claim money.
  • Heifers will be used as replacement stocks
  • The scheme will be successful on the above guidelines if run by the dairy farmer on scientific lines.
  • Before  entering in to dairy business the entrepreneurs are advised to undergo a training on dairy farming. They can contact Local Animal Husbandry Department staffs/Veterinary College/agriculture university etc. for the purpose. They should also visit progressive dairy farmers and government/ agricultural university dairy farm in the locality. They must check the following points before starting a dairy farm.
    1. Availability of good quality murrah buffaloes in nearby livestock market
    1. Nearness of the Farm to Veterinary Hospital, Artificial Insemination Center/livestock Aid Centers, MPCS
    2. Marketing facility of milk and milk product in the locality
    1. Availability of concentrates ,fodder& medicine in that locality
  • Housing for buffaloes:-loose housing system (open type) will be adopted for the farm as it is superior to conventional bran in terms of milk production & growth. Construction cost is lower & heat detection for buffaloes is easier in this type of housing.  In loose housing system  animals are kept loose except milking and at the time of treatment. Details of floor space requirement (open & covered area)is given in techno economic parameters. A photograph of loose housing buffalo dairy farm is given below.
  • Murrah farm 1
  •  Techno economic parameters value
    Bred of buffaloMurrah
    No. of Animals50
    Cost of Animal (Rs./animal) including transportation70000
    Average Milk Yield (litre/day)15 liter
    Covered Floor space  per adult animal(sq.ft)30
    Open space  per adult animal(sq.ft)100
    Manger length/animal in inches 25
    Covered Floor space  per young stock (sq.ft)15
    Open space  per young stock (sq.ft)50
    Manger per young stock in inches 15
    Construction cost of office & store  in sq.ft250
    Cost of construction per sq.ft (Rs) for covered space200
    Cost of milking machine with accessories150000
    Cost of other  equipment per animal (Rs.)1000
    Cost of fodder cultivation (Rs./acre/season)5000
    Insurance premium (% per annum)5
    Veterinary aid/animal/ year (Rs.)1000
    Cost of concentrate feed (Rs./kg)16
    Cost of dry fodder (Rs./kg)2
    Rate of interest (%)12
    Repayment period (years)6
    Selling price of milk/litre (Rs./kg)30
    Sale price of gunny bags (Rs. per bag)10
    Lactation days270
    Dry days150


    During lactation periodDuring dry period
    Quantity (kg)Cost (Rs.)Quantity (kg)Cost (Rs.)
    iConcentrate feed167kg112236
    iiGreen fodder125Home grown20Home grown
    iiiDry fodder2612510
  • Lactation chart/Dry chart
    i)Lactation Days105001212512125121251100012125
    ii)Dry Days312561256125712572506125
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