Dairy farm project report 10 cows

Project report for dairy farm with ten indigenous dairy breed/ cross-bred cows

Dairy farming provides an excellent opportunity for self employment of unemployed youth. It   is also an important source of income generation to small/marginal farmers and agricultural labourers. Since agriculture is mostly seasonal, there is a possibility of finding employment throughout the year for many persons through dairy farming. Landless labourers. The white revolution of 70’s had made spectacular land marks in Indian milk production scenario. India is the largest milk producer of the world The increasing cost of feed ingredients and its seasonal variability  can be reduced by undertaking fodder cultivation.This project report is based on following assumption:-

Entrepreneur  must check the following points before starting a dairy farm.

  1. Availability of good quality dairy breed cows in nearby livestock market
  2. Nearness of the Farm to Veterinary Hospital, Artificial Insemination Center/livestock Aid Centers, MPCS
  3. Marketing facility of milk and milk product in the locality4.Availability of concentrates ,fodder & medicine in that locality.

Before starting a dairy farm the entrepreneurs/ farmers are advised to undergo   training on dairy farming. They can contact Local Animal Husbandry Department staffs/Veterinary College/agriculture University etc. for the purpose.

Government subsidy available for these types of project– Back ended capital subsidy 25% for general category (33.33% for SC/ST beneficiaries) is available under government of India scheme Dairy Entrepreneurship Development Scheme (DEDS.). Subsidy ceiling is Rs150000/ for general category & Rs200000 for ST/SC category for dairy farm with ten animals.Farmer from Odisha can avail back ended capital subsidy 25% for general category  (33.33% for SC/ST beneficiaries) under government of Odisha scheme Promotion Of Dairy Entrepreneurship (PDE).Subsidy ceiling is Rs150,000/ for general category & Rs166665/ for ST/SC category for dairy farm with 10 animals for PDE scheme.Odisha farmer can avail subsidy either under scheme PDE or DEDS.

Avail Bank loan and subsidy– In order to avail bank loan & subsidy under DEDS/PDE the entrepreneur/farmers are advised to contact local animal husbandry/veterinary officers. Animal resources development department is the facilitator deportment for above schemes.

This project report is based on following assumption:

1.Freshly calved indigenous dairy breed/ crossbred  cows like RedSindhi/ Sahiwal/ Gir/ Rathi/ Crossbred cows in 1st or 2nd lactation will be purchased in two batches of two animals each at an interval of 5 to 6 months.

2.Availability of  2 acre of  irrigated land is prerequisite for the project

3.Cost of labour has not been taken into consideration since full time labour is not required for the small unit. Family labour will be utilized for maintance of the dairy farm.

4.Fodder cultivation considered in 2 acre land ,Two crops considered per year.

5.Cow dung produced will be utilized as Manure for fodder cultivation.

6.Cost of rearing calves is not considered as it will be nullified by their sale value

7.In case of death  cow new cow will be purchased from insurance claim money

8.The scheme is workable on the above guidelines if run by the dairy farmer on scientific lines.

Housing for cows

Floor –Pucca, strong concrete cemented, impervious to moisture ,and have slope 1 in 60 towards gutter. Plinth should be 2ft. higher than ground.

 Walls-3ft. high lengthwise brick wall on sides, End wall should be solid made of bricks.

Roof– 14-16ft. high at the center and 8ft. high on the side wall .there should be   hang over 3ft  beyond wall to prevent rain water from entering cow shade. Roof should be of asbestos, cement asbestos, or tile. thatched  roof can replace asbestos in low cost housing

dairy farm house

tail to tail cow house

TAIL  TO TAIL SYSTEM OF HOUSING

ITEMS LENGTH IN METER
MANGER 0.6M
STANDING PLACE 1.5M
GUTTER 0.4M
FEEDING PASSAGE 1.2M ON BOTH SIDE
MILKING PLACE 1.2M
. Techno economic parameters
Type of Animal  indigenous  Milch breed /CB
No. of Animals 10
Cost of Animal (Rs./animal) 30000/cow
Average Milk Yield (litre/day) 10
Floor space (sqft) per adult animal 40
Floor space (sqft) per calf 20
Cost of construction per sqft (Rs.) 250
Cost of equipment per animal (Rs.) 1000
Cost of fodder cultivation (Rs./acre/season) 5000
Insurance premium (% per annum) 5
Veterinary aid/animal/ year (Rs.) 1000
Cost of concentrate feed (Rs./kg) 12
Cost of dry fodder (Rs./kg) 2
Rate of interest (%) 12
Repayment period (years) 6
Selling price of milk/litre (Rs./kg) 27
Sale price of gunny bags (Rs. per bag) 10
Lactation days 280
Dry days 150
DAILY FEEDING AND COST CHART FOR DAIRY COWS
FEEDING STUFF COST/KG

Rs.

During lactation period During dry period
Quantity (kg) Cost (Rs.) Quantity (kg) Cost (Rs.)
Concentrate feed 16 4.5 72 1.5 24
Green fodder 1 20 Home grown 15 Home grown
Dry fodder 4 4 11 5 10
Total 28.5 83 21.5 34
Lactation chart/Dry chart
Particulars Years
I II III IV V Vi
Lactation Days
First batch 1250 1400 1250 1050 1050 1250
Second batch 900 1050 1050 1050 1050 1050
Total 2150 2450 2300 2100 2100 2300
Dry Days
First batch 550 400 550 750 750 550
Second batch 750 750 750 750 750
Total 550 1150 1300 1500 1500 1300
ECONOMICS OF DAIRY FARMING WITH 10 INDIGENOUS  DAIRY BREED COWS
Project cost and bank loan Cost. In Rs.
Capital cost
Cow shed for 10cows 40sq.ft/cow @250/sqft 100000
Calf pen for  10 calves 20 sq.ft./calf @250/sq.ft. 50000
Cost of 10CB cows with minimum average 10 liter milk yield /day @30000 300000
Cost of transportation @Rs1000/ cow 10000
Cost of one chaff cutter with 2 HP motor 25000
Cost of dairy appliances @ 1000/cow 10000
Cost of electrification with  five ceiling fans 23000
Cost of one single bucket milking machine 27000
Total 545000
Recurring cost to be capitalized
Cost of feed for first batch of  one cows for one month as per feed chart 12450
Cost of insurance  10 animals @5% of animal cost 13500
Cost of fodder cultivation in 2.5 acres of land 25000
Cost of medicine vaccine, electricity for the first month  for first  cow 4000
Total recurring expenditure 54950
TOTAL PROJECT COST 599950 SAY 600000
Margin money 25% of project cost 150000
Bank loan 75% of project cost 450000

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