PROJECT REPORT FOR DAIRY FARM WITH FIFTY MURRAH BUFFALOES
This project report is based on following assumptions:-
- Freshly calved murrah female buffaloes in 1st or 2nd lactation will be purchased in two batches of twenty-five animals each/batch at an interval of 5 to 6 months.
- Availability of 10 acres of land for fodder cultivation is prerequisite for the project,
- Dung produced will be utilized as Manure for fodder cultivation.
- Cost of rearing calves not considered as it will be repealed by their sale
- In case of death of adult animal new buffalo will be purchased from insurance claim money.
- Heifers will be used as replacement stocks
- The scheme will be successful on the above guidelines if run by the dairy farmer on scientific lines.
- Before entering in to dairy business the entrepreneurs are advised to undergo a training on dairy farming. They can contact Local Animal Husbandry Department staffs/Veterinary College/agriculture university etc. for the purpose. They should also visit progressive dairy farmers and government/ agricultural university dairy farm in the locality. They must check the following points before starting a dairy farm.
- Availability of good quality murrah buffaloes in nearby livestock market
- Nearness of the Farm to Veterinary Hospital, Artificial Insemination Center/livestock Aid Centers, MPCS
- Marketing facility of milk and milk product in the locality
- Availability of concentrates ,fodder& medicine in that locality
- Housing for buffaloes:-loose housing system (open type) will be adopted for the farm as it is superior to conventional bran in terms of milk production & growth. Construction cost is lower & heat detection for buffaloes is easier in this type of housing. In loose housing system animals are kept loose except milking and at the time of treatment. Details of floor space requirement (open & covered area)is given in techno economic parameters. A photograph of loose housing buffalo dairy farm is given below.
Techno economic parameters value Bred of buffalo Murrah No. of Animals 50 Cost of Animal (Rs./animal) including transportation 70000 Average Milk Yield (litre/day) 15 liter Covered Floor space per adult animal(sq.ft) 30 Open space per adult animal(sq.ft) 100 Manger length/animal in inches 25 Covered Floor space per young stock (sq.ft) 15 Open space per young stock (sq.ft) 50 Manger per young stock in inches 15 Construction cost of office & store in sq.ft 250 Cost of construction per sq.ft (Rs) for covered space 200 Cost of milking machine with accessories 150000 Cost of other equipment per animal (Rs.) 1000 Cost of fodder cultivation (Rs./acre/season) 5000 Insurance premium (% per annum) 5 Veterinary aid/animal/ year (Rs.) 1000 Cost of concentrate feed (Rs./kg) 16 Cost of dry fodder (Rs./kg) 2 Rate of interest (%) 12 Repayment period (years) 6 Selling price of milk/litre (Rs./kg) 30 Sale price of gunny bags (Rs. per bag) 10 Lactation days 270 Dry days 150 Item FEEDING STUFF COST/KG
During lactation period During dry period Quantity (kg) Cost (Rs.) Quantity (kg) Cost (Rs.) i Concentrate feed 16 7kg 112 2 36 ii Green fodder 1 25 Home grown 20 Home grown iii Dry fodder 2 6 12 5 10 Total 124 46
Lactation chart/Dry chart Sr.No Particulars Years I II III IV V Vi i) Lactation Days 10500 12125 12125 12125 11000 12125 ii) Dry Days 3125 6125 6125 7125 7250 6125